Environmental Weeds

1.      Species included in the Biosecurity Act – prioritised for the Brisbane LGA

Risk classification

Common name

Species name

Significant

Alligator weed

Altemanthera philoxeroides

Cabomba

Cabomba caroliniana

Horsetails

Equisetum spp.

High

 

Broad-leaved pepper tree

Schinus terebinthifolius

Cat’s claw creeper

Dolichandra unguis-cati

Hymenachne

Hymenachne amplexicaulis

Kudzu

Pueraria lobate

Parthenium

Parthenium hysterophorus

Rat’s tail grass/giant rat’s tail grass

Sporobulus pyramidalis and S.natalensis

 

Salvinia

Salvinia molesta

Senegal tea

Gymnocoronis spilanthoides

Water hyacinth

Eichhornia crassipes

Water lettuce

Pistia stratiotes

Water mimosa

Neptunia oleracea (and N. plena)

Moderate

Asparagus ferns

Asparagus aethiopicus ‘Sprengeri’ A. africanus

Balloon vine

Cardiospermum grandiflorum

Bridal creeper

Asparagus asparagoides

Broadleaf privet

Ligustrum lucidum

Giant Parramatta grass/rat’s tail grasses/Parramatta grass

Sporobolus fertilis, S. africanus, S. jacquemontii

Groundsel bush

Baccharis halimifolia

Hygrophila/glush weed

Hygrophila costata

Kahili ginger

Hedychium gardnerianum

Madeira vine

Anredera cordifolia

Willows

Salix spp. other than S. babylonica, S. x calodendron, S. xreichardtii and S. chilensis; syn. S. humboldtiana = pencil willow (Chilean willow)

Low

Annual ragweed

Ambrosia artemisiifolia

Bitou bush

Chrysanthemoides monilifera subsp. rotundata

Boneseed

Chrysanthemoides monilifera ssp. monilifera

Camphor laurel

Cinnamomum camphora

Chinese celtis

Celtis sinensis

Dutchman’s pipe

Aristolochia elegans

Fireweed

Senecio madagascariensis

Honey locust

Gleditsia triacanthos including cultivars and varieties

Mexican feather grass

Nassella tenuissima

Rubber vine

Cryptostegia grandiflora

Tropical soda apple

Solanum viarum

Yellow ginger

Hedychium flavescens

Very low

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Very low

 

African fountain grass

Pennisetum setaceum (Cenchrus setaceus)

African tulip tree

Spathodea campanulata

Athel pine

Tamarix aphylla

Belly-ache bush/cotton leaf/physic nut

Jatropha gossypiifolia

Bitterweed

Helenium amarum

Blackberry

Rubus anglocandicans, Rubus fruticosus agg.

Chilean needle grass

Nasella neesiana

Elephant ear vine

Philodendron spp. Argyreia nervosa

Harrisia cactus

Harrisia martinii

Lantana (all species)

Lantana spp.

Mexican bean tree

Cecropia. palmata and C. peltata

Miconia

Miconia calvescens, M. racemosa and M. nervosa

Mother of millions hybrid

Bryophyllum × houghtonii

Pond apple

Annona glabra

Prickly pear/ tiger pear/ drooping tree pear/westwood pear/velvety tree pear

Opuntia spp. (O. elata and O. microdasys – cat.2,3,4,5)

Sagittaria

Sagittaria platyphylla

Singapore daisy

Sphagneticola trilobata

Small-leaved privet/ Chinese privet

Ligustrum sinense

Telegraph weed

Heterotheca grandiflora

Yellow bells

Tecoma stans

Yellow oleander/Captain Cook tree

Cascabela thevetia syn. Thevetia peruviana

2. Species in the Biosecurity Act – but assessed as having little impact in the Brisbane LGA

Common name

Species name

Biosecurity matters – Pest vegetation

 

Acacias non-indigenous to Australia

Acacia spp. other than Acacia nilotica and Acacia farnesiana

African boxthorn

Lycium ferocissimum

Anchored water hyacinth

Eichhornia azurea

Annual thunbergia

Thunbergia annua

Badhara bush

Gmelina elliptica

Black Sigatoka of banana

Mycosphaerella fijiensis

Candleberry myrtle/candleberry myrth

Myrica faya

Candyleaf

Stevia ovata

Chinee apple

Ziziphus mauritiana

Cholla cactus/coral cactus/devil’s rope pear/snake cactus/Hudson pear

Cylindropuntia spp. and their hybrids, other than C. spinosior, C. fulgida and C. imbricata

Christ’s thorn

Ziziphus spina-christi

Eurasian water milfoil

Myriophyllum spicatum

Floating water chestnuts

Trapa spp.

Gamba grass

Andropogon gayanus

Giant sensitive plant

Mimosa diplotricha (prev. Mimosa invisa)

Giant sensitive tree

Mimosa pigra

Gorse

Ulex europaeus

Harungana

Harungana madagascariensis

Kochia

Kochia scoparia syn Bassia scoparia

Koster’s curse

Clidemia hirta

Lagarosiphon

Lagarosiphon major

Laurel clock vine, fragrant thunbergia

Thunbergia laurifolia, (syn grandiflora)

Limnocharis/yellow burrhead

Limnocharis flava

Madras thorn

Pithecellobium dulce

Mesquites

All Prosopis spp. and hybrids other than Prosopis glandulosa, P. pallida and P. velutina

Mikania vine

Mikania spp.

Parkinsonia

Parkinsonia aculeata

Peruvian primrose

Ludwigia peruviana

Prickly acacia

Acacia nilotica syn(Vachellia nilotica)

Red sesbania

Sesbania punicea

Serrated tussock

Nassella trichotoma

Sicklepod/hairy cassia/foetid cassia

Senna obtusifolia, S. hirsuta and S. tora and obtusifolia

Spiked pepper

Piper aduncum

Tobacco weed

Elephantopus mollis

Water soldiers

Stratiotes aloides

White ginger

Hedychium coronarium

Witch weeds

Striga spp. other than native species

3. Species NOT in the Biosecurity Act but that are regulated under the NALL

Common name

Scientific name

Agave

Agave spp.

Amazon frogbit

Limnobium laevigatum

Anzac tree daisy

Montanoa hibiscifolia

Arrowhead vine

Syngonium spp.

Arsenic bush

Senna septemtrionalis

Arum lily

Zantedeschia aethiopica

Bahia grass

Paspalum notatum

Balsam (busy Lizzie)

Impatiens spp.

Bamboos

Phyllostachys aurea and nigra

Black eyed Susan

Thunbergia alata

Blackberry nightshade

Solanum nigrum

Blade apple, lemon vine, Barbados gooseberry

Pereskia aculeata

Blue trumpet vine

Thunbergia grandiflora

Brazilian nightshade

Solanum seaforthianum

Cadaga or cadaghi

Corymbia torelliana

Cape ivy

Senecio angulatus

Cape spinach

Emex australis

Capeweed

Arctotheca calendula

Castor oil plant

Ricinus communis

Chinese tallow

Triadica sebifera

Cockspur coral tree

Erythrina crista-galli

Cocos palm or Queen palm

Syagrus romanzoffiana

Common Indian hawthorn

Rhaphiolepis indica

Condamine couch/lippia

Phyla canescens

Coral berry or Indian currant

Ardisia crenata, Rivina humilis or Symphoricarpos orbiculatus 

Coral creeper

Barleria repens

Corky passion vine

Passiflora suberosa

Cotoneaster

Cotoneaster lacteus

Creeping lantana

Lantana montevidensis

Crofton weed

Eupatorium adenophorum

Dense water weed

Egeria densa

Devil's fig

Solanum torvum

Duranta

Duranta erecta syn. D. repens and D. plumieri

Dyschoriste

Dyschoriste depressa

Easter cassia

Senna pendula var. glabrata

Elephant grass

Pennisetum purpureum

Feathertop Rhodes grass

Chloris virgata

Fire flag

Thalia geniculata

Fishbone fern

Nephrolepis cordifolia

Foxglove

Digitalis purpurea

Giant devil's fig

Solanum hispidum

Giant reed

Arundo donax

Glory lily

Gloriosa superba

Glycine

Neonotonia wightii

Golden chain tree

Laburnum anagyroides

Golden rain tree

Koelreuteria elegans ssp. formosana

Golden rod

Solidago altissima

Green cestrum

Cestrum parqui

Guinea grass

Megathyrsus maximus

Hemlock

Conium maculatum

Himalayan ash

Fraxinus griffithii

Hiptage

Hiptage benghalensis

Indian rubber tree

Ficus elastica

Ivy gourd

Coccinia grandis

Jacaranda

Jacaranda mimosifolia

Japanese/Mexican sunflower

Tithonia diversifolia, T.sp

Japanese honeysuckle

Lonicera japonica

Johnson grass

Sorghum halepense

Khaki weed

Alternanthera pungens

Kidney leaf mud plantain

Heteranthera reniformis

Leucaena

Leucaena leucocephala (all spp.)

Little bluestem

Schizachyrium microstachyum

Live plant, Resurrection plant

Bryophyllum pinnatum

Mile a minute

Ipomoea cairica

Mist flower

Ageratina riparia

Mock orange 

Murraya paniculata

Molasses grass

Melinis minutiflora

Monkey's comb

Pithecoctenium crucigerum

Morning glory

Ipomoea indica

Mossman river grass

Cenchrus echinatus

Mother-in-law's tongue

Sansevieria trifasciata

Needle burr or spiny amaranth

Amaranthus spinosus

Ochna

Ochna serrulata

Oleander

Nerium oleander

Pampas grass

Cortaderia selloana

Paper mulberry

Broussonetia papyrifera

Para grass

Urochloa mutica

Parrot feather

Myriophyllum aquaticum

Perennial horse gram

Macrotyloma axillare

Perennial ragweed

Ambrosia psilostachya

Pongamia tree

Millettia pinnata

Praxelis

Praxelis clematidea

Prickly poppy or Mexican poppy

Argemone ochroleuca

Purple succulent

Callisia fragrans

Red-head cotton bush

Asclepias curassavica

Rhodes grass

Chloris gayana

Rhus

Toxicodendron succedaneum

Ruellia

Ruellia tweediana

Shoebutton ardisia

Ardisia elliptica

Sicklebush

Dichrostachys cinerea

Signal grass

Urochloa decumbens

Silver leaf desmodium or velcro plant

Desmodium uncinatum

Sirato

Macroptilium atropurpureum

Slash pine

Pinus elliotii

South African pigeon grass

Setaria sphacelata

Stinking roger

Tagetes minuta

Taro

Colocasia esculenta

Thorn apples

Datura spp

Tipuana

Tipuana tipu

Tropical pickeral weed

Pontederia rotundifolia

Umbrella tree

Schefflera actinophylla

Wandering Jew

Tradescantia fluminensis, T. pallida and T. spathacea

Water lily

Nymphaea caerulea ssp. zanzibarensis

Whiskey grass

Andropogon virginicus

White moth plant

Araujia sericifera and A. hortorum

White mulberry

Morus alba

Wait-a while

Caesalpinia decapetala

Wild aster

Aster subulatus

Wild tobacco tree

Solanum mauritianum

Zebrina

Tradescantia zebrina