loquat

Eriobotrya japonica
Loquat
Loquat leaf detail
Loquat flowers
Loquat flowers
Loquat fruit
Loquat seeds
Loquat shoots
Shrub
Alternate
Simple
White
Green
Discoloured
Common names 
Also known as: Bibasse, Japanese medlar, Japanese plum,
Family 
Rosaceae
Deciduous 
No
Flowering time 
Autumn
Native/Exotic 
Exotic
Origin 
Native to eastern Asia.
Notifiable 
No
Council declaration 
SIL – Special Investigation List
Known distribution 

Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica) is widely naturalised in the coastal districts of eastern Australia and also present in some parts of southern Australia. It is mainly found throughout the coastal districts of eastern Queensland and eastern New South Wales.

Habitat 

A weed of riparian vegetation, forest gaps and margins, roadsides, urban bushland, open woodlands, disturbed sites and waste areas.

Impact and control methods 

This species is an environmental weed in New South Wales and Queensland, and is also regarded as a potential environmental weed in other parts of Australia. It is particularly common in south-eastern Queensland, where it is ranked among the 200 most important invasive plant species, and in north-eastern New South Wales, where it appears on several local environmental weed lists.

Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica) has mainly become naturalised in dry sclerophyll forests and along waterways in these regions. It has also been recorded in conservation areas in Queensland (e.g. Tugun Hill Conservation Area on the Gold Coast) and New South Wales (e.g. Heinrich Reserve in the Sydney region).

Stem and leaves 

Leaves are dark, glossy green above and paler and hairy beneath (i.e. discolourous)

Flowers and fruits 

White flowers have five petals and are approximately 1cm in diameter. Flowering occurs in Autumn.

Fruit are yellowish and grow to 4cm in diameter with 1-2 large seeds. Fruit mature in Spring and are spread by birds, other animals and humans.