Deadly Nightshade

Atropa belladonna
(Photo: Wikimedia Commons)
(Photo: Wikimedia Commons)
(Photo: Wikipedia)
(Photo: Smithsonian Institute
(Photo: Wikimedia Commons)
Shrub
Alternate
Simple
Red
Purple
Brown
Green

Deadly nightshade is a perennial bushy herb that grows in arid lands, reaches a height of 1.5 m (but can grow >2m) ,  and has greenish purple flowers, oval leaves, and purple-black spherical sweet berries. All parts of the plant contain the alkaloids atropine, hyoscine, and scopolamine, making it poisonous. Personal protective equipment should be worn when dealing with this plant.

Common names 
Also known as: belladonna, Devil's cherries, enchanter’s nightshade,
Family 
Solanaceae
Deciduous 
No
Flowering time 
Mid Summer to early Autumn
Native/Exotic 
Exotic
Origin 
Southern Europe to Asia
Notifiable 
No
Council declaration 
NIL - Reduce
Known distribution 

It is endemic in areas of the Mediterranean countries (including Greece), countries in western Europe, and from these areas to the Himalayas, and it has been introduced and naturalized in many parts of the world.

Habitat 

It is found most commonly in open woods or woodland clearings, and preferably in places with calcareous soil.

Habit 

Atropa belladonna is an upright, branching herbaceous perennial, growing from a fleshy rootstock

Impact and control methods 

All parts of this plant are poisonous the cherry like fruit can be attractive to children.

Stem and leaves 

A bushy perennial plant, growing to a height of two metres and occasionally more. The pale green oval leaves are pointed and strongly ribbed

Flowers and fruits 

 reddish, purple bell-shaped flowers ofen with green tinges. Green fruit ripen to form glossy-coated, black berries.

Similar species 

Black Nightshade (Solanum nigrum